University of Baltimore Division of Applied Behavioral Sciences
Research Methods APPL 632
Sign up with Sona system: Participation in Research http://ubalt.sona-systems.com
Websites for Psychology
Langsdale Library course website
LibGuides (Lucy Holman) very useful for help with research projects
Association for Psychological Science
Psychological Research on the Net (APS)
Psychological Journals Online (Hanover College)
Cozby, P. C. (2001). Methods in behavioral research. (7th edition). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.
SPSS helper (UCLA)
Research Methods Tutorial
Journals of interest to this class:
Journal of Personality
and Social Psychology (APA)
Journal of Applied Psychology (APA)
Annual Review of Psychology
Sources attached to this syllabus:
Kerlinger definitions of theory and other key terms
Tips for writing a paper (ARC Nancy Bates)
Questions to critique an experimental report
Guide for writing experimental reports
American Psychological Association (1995) Publication manual of the American Psychological Association
Using APA format for manuscripts
APA Style.org (tips on style)
B. Course description: This course will provide a detailed description of fundamental research methods with their associated statistical procedures.
II. Objectives of course:
The primary objective of this course is to prepare the student to critically evaluate the validity, adequacy and relevance of psychological research. The student will learn the relative merits of various methods of studying behavior, and the circumstances under which each is appropriately applied.
III. General Goals:
A. To provide the student with an understanding
of how various research designs can be used to answer questions about behavior.
B. Understand the process of research including shortcomings of the various designs and practical difficulties that arise in conducting research.
C. Develop a sound understanding of how statistical tools are used to describe and analyze data.
IV. Class format: Assigned material will be discussed and clarified. Class time will also be used to discuss students' SPSS lab projects.
Rosenthal, R. & Rosnow, R. (2008). Essentials of
Behavioral Research: Methods and Data Analysis 3rd Ed. McGraw-Hill
Optional: APA (2009). Publication
Manual of the American Psychological Association,
Morgan, S. E., Reichert, T. & Harrison, T. R. (2002). From Numbers to Words: Reporting statistical results for the
social sciences. Allyn & Bacon, Pub. ISBN 0 8013-3280-X
Exams: midterm and final exams
(30% each) 60%
Three SPSS data analysis labs (10% each) 30%
Submission of Chapter questions 10%
Notes: If you expect to miss a class,
it your responsibility to make sure you get notes or handouts and
changes in assignments.
*** Assignments turned in late will result in a reduction in grade points ****
Guide for writing SPSS lab project reports)
Tips for writing a paper (ARC Nancy Bates)
(see Critique questions to critique an experimental report)
effect and affect...know the difference!!!!
Other sources for writing the research report
Cozby: See: Appendix A: Writing Research Reports http://methods.fullerton.edu/framesindex.html
Cozby: See: Guides for writing research reports http://methods.fullerton.edu/framesindex.html
Quality of SPSS lab project reports The important aspects in judging quality will be:
1. development of the literature
2. creativity of the design (be sure to cite reference if you borrow from an existing design)
3. reporting of results
4. drawing conclusions from the findings*
5. quality of writing
*This means integrating the literature (theories and opinions), offering explanations for resolving conflicting research findings, and drawing reasonable conclusions based on your research hypotheses.
Grammar/proofreading: It is imperative that the papers be grammatically correct and edited carefully. You must include a definitive title and a half page abstract.
Length: The three lab project papers must be in APA style and no longer than 5 pages including tables and figures (not including references).
Original sources: You will be expected to find original sources for your references. Secondary sources may be cited, but only rarely and only if the original is unavailable from the University of Maryland library system.
Class attendance and submission of assignments is essential. Failure to submit assignments when due and may result in a decrement of your grade.
Policy on Academic Integrity (Plagiarism): see more detail at Plagiarism (Tulane)
"Plagiarism is the intentional or unintentional presentation of another person's idea or product as one's own. Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to the following: copying verbatim all or part of another's written work; using phrases, charts, figures, illustrations, or mathematical or scientific solutions without citing the source; paraphrasing ideas, conclusions, or research without citing the source; and using all or part of a literary plot, poem, film, musical score, or other artistic product without attributing the work to its creator. Students can avoid unintentional plagiarism by carefully accepted scholarly practices. Notes taken for papers and research projects should accurately record sources of material to be cited, quoted, paraphrased, or summarized, and papers should acknowledge these sources in footnotes." (Anonymous).
Week 1: Sept 1
Chapter 1 Spirit of Behavioral Research (p. 3)
Review of Syllabus
SPSS lab projects
Statistics Homepage http://www.statsoft.com/textbook/stathome.html
2: Sept 8
Chapter 2 Contexts of
Discovery and Justification (p. 37)
Discussion of Lab topics topics
Kerlinger's definitions of theory and other key terms
Read the following articles to see how constructs are operationally defined:
Affective style and in vivo immune response: Neurobehavioral mechanisms
Phone conversations tax Drivers' minds
Forget Gum: Walking and Using Phone is Risky, NYT 1/18/10
Relations between alpha, beta, power
R&R Effect size pdf
Effect size indicators (Becker at UCCS
Week 3: Sept 15
Chapter 3 Ethical Considerations, Dilemmas, and
Guidelines (p. 61)
Office of Human Research Protections (OHRP)
APA Ethical Principles and Guidelines
Chapter 10 (REVIEW) Describing, Displaying, and Exploring Data (p. 293)
Scales of Measurement ppt.
Variance calculator/linear regression/correlation calculator
Importing SPSS tables and figures into MS Word
Reading: Schroeder et al. (1985) (handout)
Maps for theory, procedures, etc.
Cold Fusion: Another chance. Does theory matter? Cost of Type II error
Chapter 4 Reliability and Validity of
Measurements (p. 87)
Chapter 11 (REVIEW) Correlation (p. 314)
Interrater reliability and agreement Excel file
Chi Squared (Ppoint) for nominal data
Fisher's exact test for small expected values
Categorical Data Analysis (Prentice Hall Ppoint)
Chapter 6 Questionnaires, Interviews, and Diaries (p. 160)
Chapter 13 (REVIEW) Comparing Means by Standard t tests (p. 381)
***Lab 1 DUE: Hypothetical
Toronto Star article: TV Violence
If a women is catty is it due to hormones? You decide (Balt Sun article)
6: Oct 6
Chapter 7 Randomized
Controlled Experiments and Causal Inferences (p. 189)
Please read for discussion the article: WSJ article on experimenter expectancy (Rosenthal)
*** Review Midterm ***
Week 7: Oct 13 ******** Midterm Exam *************** Bring blue book
Week 8: Oct 20 Chapter 9 Randomly and Nonrandomly Selected Sampling Units (p. 260)
Week 9: Oct 27 Chapter 14 Analysis of Variance and the F test (p. 409)
*** Lab 2 DUE: One Way ANOVA ***
10: Nov 3 Chapter 16
Factorial Analysis of Variance (p. 461)
Cozby Chapter Factorial designs
Erwin Segal, Buffalo
Week 11: Nov 10 Chapter 17 Interaction Effects in ANOVA (p. 499)
Week 12: Nov 17 Chapter 18 Repeated Measures in ANOVA (p. 527)
**** Lab 3 DUE: 2 Way ANOVA **
Week 13: Nov 24
Discussion of Multiple Regression
G. David Garson North Carolina State
StatSoftInc.com Multiple Regression
Week 14: Dec 1 Chapter 21 Meta-Analysis: Comparing and Considering Research Results (p. 663)
*** Review Final Exam ***
Week 15: Dec 8 **Final Exam -- bring blue book **
Schroeder, D. A., Johnson, D. E., & Jensen, T. D. (1985). Reading research reports: A brief introduction. In Contemporary Readings in Social Psychology. Schroeder, Johnson, Jensen; (Eds.). Nelson-Hall: Chicago. p35-42.