Fred Kerlinger's definitions
Scientific research is a systematic, controlled, empirical, and critical investigation of hypothetical propositions about the presumed relations among natural phenomena
Theory: a set of interrelated constructs (concepts), definitions, and propositions that present a systematic view of phenomena by specifying relations among variables, with the purpose of explaining and predicting the phenomena.
Hypothesis: a tentative proposition about the relation between two or more phenomena or variables.
Concept: Expresses an abstraction, e.g., "achievement."
Construct: a concept which is invented or adopted for a special scientific purpose, e.g., "intelligence."
Constitutive definition: defines a construct with other constructs, e.g. "weight" by saying that it is "heaviness."
Operational definition: assigns meaning to a construct or a variable by specifying the activities or "operations" necessary to measure it.