Chapter 10 The Motivation to Work

Frank J. Landy, (1989). Psychology of Work Behavior. 4th ed. John Wiley & Sons


I. THEORIES OF WORK MOTIVATION

    A. An Introductory Comment

    B. Some Need Theories
        1. Maslow's Need Hierarchy Theory
        2. Need Achievement Theory
        3. ERG Theory (Alderfer, 1969)
        4. Two-Factor Theory (Herzberg, 1966)
 
    C. Instrumentality Theory
        1. Porter-Lawler Model
        2. Recent Research on Instrumentality Models
            a. Tests of VIE
            b. Measurement of V,I, and E Components

    D. Equity Theory
        1. Choice of a Comparision Other
        2. Choice of Strategy
        3. Compensation vs. Other Outcomes
        4. Individual Differences
        5. The Concept of Equity
        6. A Concluding Comment

    E. Goal Setting
        1. A Cautionary Note
        2. An Integration of IVE and Goal Setting Theory
        3. Goal Setting Assigned or Participative
        4. The Wave of the Future: Personal Efficacy

    F. Reinforcement Approaches (Behaviorism)
        1. Reinforcement Schedules

    G. The Issue of Punishment

    H Theoretical Status of Behaviorism in Industry

    I. Other Models

II. SUMMARY OF THE MODELS

    A. Effort Expenditure
    B. Job Performance
    C. A Conclusion

III. SOME OTHER ISSUES IN WORK MOTIVATION

    A. Job Enrichment
        1. A Model for Enrichment
 
    B. Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Factors

IV CONCLUDING COMMENTS