Edwin Fleishman, Ph.D. (1989). Ohio State leadership studies, 1950s
Published by Science Research Associates, revised edition 1989, McMillan/McGraw Hill pub.
Measures two important dimensions of leadership: Consideration and Structure
The Supervisory Behavior Description
(SBD) is used by subordinates to rate supervisor (old
Relationships with subordinates characterized by:
Low score: More impersonal in
relations with group members
Defines own and subordinates’ roles toward goal attainment
High score: Takes very active role in directing
LOQ can be used in organizations
Independent scales derived from FA of 140 items. Self –scored.
Reliabilities .64 to .88; validities in the range from -.10 to + .61 (both scales)