Deadly Force

This map shows the competing lines the in Supreme Court's deadly force jurisprudence. In chronological order, the cases giving rise to the opinions on the map are: Tennessee v. Garner, 471 U.S. 1 (1985); Brosseau v. Haugen, 543 U.S. 194 (2004); Scott v. Harris, 550 U.S. 372 (2007); Plumhoff v. Rickard, 134 S.Ct 202 (2014); and Mullenix v. Luna577 U.S. ___ (2015).

While Tennessee v. Garner represents the beginning of modern doctrine limiting seizures through deadly force, the Court has been reluctant to limit police application of force through this jurisprudence. The green line represents opinions advocating an expansive deadly force doctrine, whereas the purple cases limit it. Green cases have been in dissent for a while and it appears that Justice Sotomayor may have taken over Justice Stevens' mantle.

This map gives a picture of one strand of "seizure" doctrine.