University of Baltimore

Motivation / Satisfaction / Leadership
APPL 642.185 (class no. 2211) Spring 2006

Instructor: Tom Mitchell, Ph.D. 837-5348


Home Page:
Office hrs:      Tuesdays & Thursdays 12:30 - 1:30 PM; Thursdays 4:00 - 5:00 PM
Class:             Thursdays 8:15 - 10:45 PM in Academic Center 413


Schedule and dates for assignment

Discussion Questions for Class

I. Descriptive Information

A. Catalog description: A critical examination of the interactive effects of personal and organizational variables on human behavior as reviewed in work group structure, accommodation to change, interpersonal perception, and problem solving behavior. Factors considered include emergent group leadership, managerial, motivational, and personality interactions.

B. Course description: Using motivation as a central concept, this course will provide the student with an in-depth understanding of how person and environmental factors interact to influence organizational behavior. Predominant motivational theories will be used to explain how group dynamics and cross-cultural influences affect motivation, and how attitudes toward the job and the organization relate to performance. Students will learn to apply motivational techniques to improve work performance and satisfaction.

II. Objectives of course:

To enable the student to:

(1) Analyze causes for organizational behavior and develop effective ways to improve work performance.

(2) Gain an experiential understanding of how group activity may facilitate or inhibit work performance.

(3) Improve their ability to work effectively with others to solve problems related to organizational behavior.

III. Class format: Assigned readings will be discussed. Ideas and conclusions generated from the discussions will be used by groups to solve problems presented in case studies. Case studies will be discussed in class and on 

 IV. Texts required:

    Bass, Bernard M. & Riggio, R. E.  (2006). Transformational Leadership LEA, Pub. ISBN 0-8058-4762-6

    Porter, L. W.,  Bigley, G. A., & Steers, R. M., (2003). Motivation and Work Behavior. 7th ed. McGraw Hill  ISBN 0-07-248162-5

    Harvard Case Studies (3)  (to be distributed in class)

V. Course requirements for each student:

VI. Assessment:

            Exams: Two written essay exams (midterm and final) covering course content
            One written case report  instructions

    50%   2 Exams   (25% each)
    25%   1 Written Case Report
    25%   3  Case data analysis
  100%  TOTAL     Grade Scale:         90-100 A;    85-89 B+;    80-84 B;   75-79 C+;   70 C

Instructions for Responses to Discussion Questions
Instructions for Team Problem Solving of HRS Cases (<click)
Team and Case assignments

Information from Toronto on Group Dynamics/ teamwork

SIOP supplements

How to manage groups
Being a valuable group member
Running effective team meetings
Groups that work

Journal Of Applied Psychology

Value Based Management site (information on all sorts of management techniques, etc.)

Schedule of dates and assignments

  Feb 2, 9, 16, 23,     Apr 6, 13, 20, 27 
  Mar 2, 9, 16 , 23 (Spring Break) 30(Midterm)    May 4,  11, 18 (Final Exam)

Notes for Steers, Porter, &  Bigley (1996)

Management Speak   (learn how to understand your boss)
Readings in Organizational Psychology  (J. LeBreton, E. Tenn State)

class date  Chapters / Readings (see Bibliography at end)

(1)   Feb 2   Discussion of syllabus / Group problem solving: Harvard cases

(2)   Feb 9   Part one:  INITIAL CONSIDERATIONS (Web discussions)
                     Porter: Chapter 1 Motivation in Organizations (p. 1)

    Terrence R. Mitchell & Denise Daniels
        Observation and Commentary on Recent Research in Work Motivation (p. 26)
        U. Toronto Motivation theory (Instructor: Chun Wei Choo
          Early Cognitive theorists
          Ppoint presentation for Motivation theories

          Job Characteristics Model (Hackman & Oldham 1976)
          JCM ppoint 

         Contingency models of leadership

(3) Feb 16  (Class discussion)
                 Porter: Chapter 2 Conceptual Approaches to Motivation at Work (p. 46) 

  1.     Richard M. Ryan & Edward Deci  
            Self-Determination Theory and the Facilitation of Intrinsic motivation, Social Development, and Well-Being (p. 49)
            Self-determination theory
  2.     Richard Mowday & kenneth Colwell 
        Employee Reactions to Unfair Outcomes in the Wkplace: Contributions of Adam's Equity Theory to Understanding Work Motivation (p.65)
        Animals seem to have an inherent sense of fairness and justice WSJ 2006
  3.     Russell Cropanzano and Deborah Rupp
             An overview of Organizational justice: Implications for Work Motivation (p. 82) e
  4.     Edwin A. Locke
            Motivation through Conscious Goal Setting (p. 113)
                       -> Case I Sedalia: Organize
                            Paul Spector's Job Satisfaction Scale Info
                            Sedalia Report JSS information
                            JSS items ordered by 9 facets

                  Porter: Chapter 3 The Role of Cognition, Beliefs, and Attitudes in Motivation

  1.   Barry Staw 
            Organizational psychology and the Pursuit of the Happy/Productive Worker (p. 144)
  2.  Fred Luthans  
            Positive Organizational Behavior (POB): Implications for Leadership and HR Development and Motivation (p. 178) 

     McGrath outline of trait paradigm   

  (5)   Mar 2   Porter: Chapter 4 The Role of Goals and Intentions in Motivation

  1.     Ann O'Leary-Kelly, Joseph Martocchio & Dwight Frink  
            A review of the influence of Group Goals on Group performance (p. 217)
  2.     Deborah Crown 7 Joseph Rosse  
            Yours, Mine, and Ours: Facilitation Group Productivity Through the Integration of Individual and Group Goals (p. 230)
                 DUE: Data analysis reports for Sedalia (JSS) 

           ** Group activity: apply the steps for influence to Sedalia decisions: (p 293)  see below
          LOQ site

  ** Administer / self-score the LOQ  Find evidence to support or not support the use of LOQ in an organization

(6) Mar 9   Porter: Chapter 5 The Role of Affect in Motivation

      Viswanath Venkatest & Cheri Speier  
            Computer Technology Training in the Workplace: A longitudinal investigation of the Effect of Mood
        Schneider et al. (2003)  Which comes first: Employee attitudes or organizational financial and market performance? JAP, 88, No. 5.

                ->  PRESENT:  Case I Sedalia: 
                ->  Case II First Federal:  Organize


(7)  Mar 16   *** Midterm Exam ***  

       Mar 23  ********** Spring Break **************

(8)   Mar 30  Porter: Chapter 6 The Role of Social Influences in Motivation

  1.         Lyman Porter, Ed Lawler & Richard Hackman  
               Ways Groups Influence Individual Work Effectiveness (p. 299)
  2.         Yoav Vardi & Yoash Weiner 
               Misbehavior in Organizations; A motivational Framework (p. 307)  
    See: performance bonus out of reach? Move the target

        Rewarding competitors over collaborators WSJ 2/14/06
        Bonus not a Cure-all

(9)  Apr 6   Porter: Chapter 7 The Role of Cross-Cultural Influences in Work Motivation

  1.         Geert Hofstede Gia
               Cultural Constraints in Management Theories (p. 344)

  2.         Michael Frese, Wolfgang Kring, Andrea Soose & Jeannette Zempel  
                Personal Initiative at Work: Differences between East and West Germany (p. 375)

  3.         Christopher Meek  
               GanBatte: Understanding the Japanese Employee (p. 398)

(10)  Apr 13  Porter: Chapter 8 The Role of Individual Differences in Motivation

  1.         Charles O'Reilly III & Jennifer Chatman  
               Working Smarter and Harder: A Longitudinal Study of Managerial Success (p. 413)         

          for information on Hackman and Oldham's JCM
           General Causality Scale (Deci & Ryan)
           see Deci and Ryan's site for Self-Determination theory

-> DUE: Data analysis report for First Federal due

(11)  Apr 20   PART THREE: 

                     Porter: Chapter 9 Rewards

  1.         Edward Lawler III  
               The Design of Effective Reward Systems (p. 457)
  2.         Steven Kerr  
               On the Folly of Rewarding A, While Hoping for B (p. 479)
  3.         Jone Pearce  
               Why Merit Pay Doesn't Work: Implications from Organizational Theory (p. 487)
  4.         Jeffrey Pfeffer  
               Six Dangerous Myths about Pay (p. 494)         
(12)  Apr 27  Porter: Chapter 10 Punishment
  1.         Jennifer George
               Asymmetrical Effects of Rewards and Punishments; The Case of Social Loafing (p. 522)          

(13)  May 4   Porter: Chapter 11 Motivating Creativity and Innovation (p. 559)

  1.        Teresa Amabile  
          Motivating Creativity in Organizations: On Doing What You Love and Loving What You Do (p. 561)
  2.         Anne Cummings & Greg Oldham
            Enhancing Creativity: Managing Work Contexts for the High potential Employee (p. 577)
               -> DUE: Data analysis report for Megalith  
(14)  May 11 Review for Final Exam

               -> PRESENT: Case III Megalith: 

 (15)  May 18 *** Final Exam ***

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